Magnetic Resonance System Using Superconducting Materials

Technology #11408

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Possible schematic of a compact NMR “annulus” magnet. The system—here only its essential components are included—consists of: 1) annulus magnet, 2) cryostat, 3) an energizing electromagnet, and 4) a primary cooling source
Categories
Inventors
Yukikazu Iwasa
Plasma Science and Fusion Center, MIT
External Link (www.psfc.mit.edu)
Masaru Tomita
Francis Bitter Magnet Laboratory, MIT
External Link (web.mit.edu)
Managed By
Jim Freedman
MIT Technology Licensing Officer - Chemicals, Instruments, Consumer Products
Patent Protection

Annular magnet system for magnetic resonance spectroscopy

US Patent 8,228,148

Annular magnet system for magnetic resonance spectroscopy

US Patent 7,859,374
Publications
A Persistent Mode Magnet Comprised of YBCO Annuli
IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity , 15(2):2352 - 2355 · July 2005
High-Temperature Superconducting Magnets for NMR and MRI: R&D Activities at the MIT Francis Bitter Magnet Laboratory
IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, Volume: 20, Issue: 3, June 2010

Applications

The current technology applies to the development of improved magnetic resonance systems. Such systems are used in spectroscopy, or magnetic resonance imaging (MRIs).

Problem Addressed

A promising superconducting material known as Yttrium Barium Copper Oxide (YBCO) has demonstrated very favorable properties for use in magnetic resonance systems. These include having a much wider temperature range of application, and greater current density than existing materials. However, YBCO (and other superconducting materials with similar properties) have not yet had widespread incorporation into magnetic resonance systems, due to the complexity of their interactions with many other components of a magnetic resonance system. This technology describes system designs that can incorporate the use of superconducting materials in magnetic resonance systems.

Technology

The current technology describes various design configurations for the use of superconducting materials in magnetic resonance systems. The design considers not only the design parameters for an operating system, but the manufacture, transport and maintenance of the system as well. Some of these design parameters include: the types of superconducting materials that can be used (such as the thermal and electrical conductivity required); their arrangement in annular layers so as to produce a persistent-mode magnet (where a magnetic field can be maintained even without power);  methods for cooling these  materials during transport; the ideal operating temperature and current of the system, and so on.

Advantages

  • Enables implementation of superconducting materials in magnetic resonance systems