Superhydrophobic Nanomaterials for Oil Spill Cleanup

Technology #12387

Questions about this technology? Ask a Technology Manager

Download Printable PDF

Image Gallery
Absorbant superhydrophobic materials, and methods of preparation and use thereof
Categories
Inventors
Professor Francesco Stellacci
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, MIT
External Link (people.epfl.ch)
Professor Jing Kong
Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, MIT
External Link (www.rle.mit.edu)
Jikang Yuan
Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, MIT
Xiaogang liu
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, MIT
Managed By
Jim Freedman
MIT Technology Licensing Officer - Chemicals, Instruments, Consumer Products
Patent Protection

Absorbant superhydrophobic materials, and methods of preparation and use thereof

US Patent 8,591,952
Publications
Superwetting nanowire membranes for selective absorption
Nature Nanotechnology, 3, 332 - 336 (2008)

Nanomaterials with tunable hydrophobicity and hydrophilicity.

Applications

Applications include removal of contaminated oil or organic spills on water (hydrophobic properties) as well as removing water droplets from oils (hydrophilic properties).

Problem Addressed

Large-scale, free-standing structures of advanced nanomaterials for practical applications are currently very difficult to achieve.

Technology

The invention includes a simple and rapid approach to controlling surface wetting, based on self-assembled free-standing structures of ultralong manganese oxide nanowires. The nanowire assemblies, composed of micro- and nanoporous structures that span multiple length scales, exhibit a remarkably superhydrophilic response. When coated with a thin layer of hydrophobic molecules, the nanowire assemblies become superhydrophobic. The assemblies of this invention are useful in various applications, including removal of organics or hydrophobic materials, and waterproofing applications.

Advantages

  • Cost-effective fabrication
  • High surface area
  • Thermal stability
  • Self-supporting structures
  • High uptake capacity