This invention is a terahertz sensing system and its remote sensing applications, including explosive detection, vibrometry, concealed weapons detection, hyper-spectral imaging, and medical imaging. The sample’s composition can be acquired by analyzing the reflection, scattering, and absorption spectra in the terahertz region.
Detecting terahertz radiation is extremely slow and difficult process, which is why a need exists for improved systems for and methods of sensing terahertz radiation. Also prior systems with serial architectures are limited to detecting stationary objects.
The invented system collects terahertz radiation scattered from a target and upconverts the collected radiation to optical frequencies. A frequency-domain spectrometer senses spectral components of the upconverted signal in parallel to produce a spectroscopic measurement of the entire band of interest in a single shot. The detected spectrum can then be used to derive information about spectroscopic characteristics of the sample. Because the spectrometer detects different spectral components of the measurement signal in a parallel manner, the system can measure moving samples and fast events.
- Can measure a complete spectrum once per pulse, resulting in much higher scan speeds (e.g., thirty times higher if the system measures thirty frequency components in parallel) due to its parallel architectures
- Can detect moving object due to the ability to measure a spectrum on a “single shot” basis
- Can measure terahertz spectra at standoff, making them better suited to concealed weapons detection and other imaging applications