Solid Electrolyte with I-4 Crystal Structure

Technology #18423

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Professor Gerbrand Ceder
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, MIT
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Jae Kim
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, MIT
William Richards
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, MIT
Lincoln Miara
Samsung Electronics Co, Ltd.
Naoki Suzuki
Samsung R&D Institute Japan
Yan Wang
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, MIT
External Link (
Tomoyuki Tsujimura
Samsung R&D Institute Japan
Yuichi Aihara
Samsung R&D Institute Japan
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Christopher Noble
MIT Technology Licensing Officer - Clean and Renewable Energy
Patent Protection

Solid Electrolyte with I4 Crystal Structure

US Patent Pending


Solid electrolytes with I-4 crystal structure improve the performance of lithium-ion batteries. Lithium-ion batteries are used in many applications ranging from portable electronics to electric vehicles.

Problem Addressed

Current electrolytes in lithium-ion batteries are flammable organic solvents and can be unstable. In addition to their inherent stability, solid-state electrolytes are nonflammable and may allow the use of metal anodes, increasing battery energy density considerably.


LiZnPS4 was investigated and found to be a good ionic conductor especially if the lithium content is increased beyond 1 Li per 4 S atoms. The conductivity is comparable to current solid state electrodes (5.7 x 10-4 S/cm); however, LiZnPS4 does not require expensive elements such as germanium, which is a key component of previous electrolytes. LiZnPS4 and other I4 structured materials improve Li-ion batteries by replacing flammable electrolytes, improving electrochemical stability, and decreasing production cost.


  • Removes flammability associated with organic electrolyte
  • Improves electrochemical stability
  • Easily synthesizable